Support for your construction project – from start to finish
At Buck Surveying, the team of Oliver Buck (Dipl.Ing., MA, MRICS) is there as your reliable partner, acting as publicly appointed surveyor for all cadastral and engineering surveying services. More than 30 years of surveying experience are brought together in our offices with the latest in surveying technology.
We can provide you with the support your require – whether you are operating as a developer, a city or municipality, as a project manager, an architect or a privateproperty holder. We are there to give comprehensive surveying support for your project – from consulting to data gathering to surveying in the planning and construction phases. Through our role as publicly appointed surveyors, we have official authorization to act independently and at the same time to assume an official function which can be of particular importance in the preparation of expert opinions and certifications.
“Accurate and expert surveying is the essential foundation of every construction project. We can set the course together with you and accompany you along the way until your project is completed and ready for use. A responsibility which we will be pleased to take on.”
Oliver Buck Dipl.- Ing. MA MRICS
On the following pages you will find an overview of our services, our office and our references:
Every day professionals are at work making and shaping our world. Buck Surveying, too!
But if you’re planning on building, there’s lots to consider before you begin.Whether it’s expert reports, surveying of land parcels or the creation of digital measured drawings – our team at Buck Surveying works with the newest surveying technology and highly trained and expert engineers.
The work of a surveying office is very diverse and has many different aspects.
The surveying office: Our services and responsibilities
As a surveying office, we place a high priority on working together with our clients in a clear and transparent manner.This goes far beyond just doing the required surveying. In addition to our surveying know-how, we also support our clients regarding questions of business impact and public-relations aspects of projects.
As a family-owned and family-run company, we stand with our name for consistent on-time, on-budget delivery of services.
Definition and terms: Surveying
Geodesyrefers to the measurement of particular dimensions. This principally concerns the measurement of actual components of the earth’s surface. A “measurement” in this context refers to the quantitative determination of a dimension (angle, heights).“Surveying” on the other hand concerns the totality (plot, building, street) of the necessary measurements.
With the term “surveying” one refers to the metrological determination of points in given spaces, on objects or on the earth’s surface.
Engineering geodesy (surveying)
Engineering surveying comprises surveying that takes place in connection with the planning, marking out and monitoring of buildings and properties. The engineers at Buck Surveying have been optimally trained and embody the highest standards of precision and professionalism. The field of activity is closely associated with the disciplines of geology and civil engineering.
Here the changes of geometric dimensions over time play an important role. Form, position, size and orientation of the surveyed properties must be measured, calculated and documented with utmost precision. Thus we also monitor natural formations such as unstable landslide-prone slopes or settlements. Bridges and tunnels are checked with periodic and sometimes even continuous measurements (specialized deformation monitoring).
Surveying engineer (geodesists)
The term geodesist comes from the Latin and means literally “someone who measures the earth”.
A profession that is preceded by university study, the surveying engineer must work carefully and precisely. When errors are made in this field, even small mistakes can be very expensive and can also be very dangerous. Similar to cartographers, surveying engineers have the task of topographically measuring the earth or portions of it.
Through the calculations done in the course of the engineering surveying work performed by our office, buildings can be erected at the proper locations. Surveying engineers ensure that construction activities and projects proceed correctly. In this process, they begin by collecting the spatial data of the earth. They thus measure living areas, spaces, mountains, bodies of water and buildings. Maps are prepared with the analyzed surveying results. These maps are not only needed for the construction of buildings. City, regional and transport planning could not be as exact as it is (and must be) without the input that comes from engineering surveying.To construct streets, buildings, bridges, tunnels, power plants and other structures, planners need to have precise documentation of the terrain.
In addition to planned construction projects, Buck Surveying of course also conducts measurements of properties. Particularly in times of climate change, surveying engineers are calculating changes in the glaciers and ice masses of the Antarctic to calculate consequences for the environment and mankind and to document the developments.
One’s working field as a surveying engineer at Buck Surveying is very diverse and individual.
Publicly appointed surveyor
A publicly appointed surveyor can take on publicly mandated surveying tasks as well as handling engineering surveying activities under private law.Publicly appointed surveyors can also be called on as certified inspectors in connection with surveying issues.
Particularly in connection with land assembly and replotting processes (also building land consolidations), comprehensivecadastral support is of great importance. In such processes, land plots are created in accordance with the building code that meet construction prerequisites in regard to their location, form and size.
The publicly appointed surveyors of our surveying office are experts in the fields of surveying and civil engineering. Often they work as independent experts, fulfilling statutory tasks for state authorities and the government.They also are authorized to issue notarizations and certifications. Therefore they are equivalent to a sort of public authority.
A surveying engineer can only become a publicly appointed surveyor after being nominated by the regulatory authorities. For this the surveying engineer must have the qualification to perform higher surveying functions. This is typically obtained through extensive professional experience in land registry and cadastral surveying over many years.
The profession ofsurveying technician involves many aspects of mathematics, physics and geography. Good technical understanding and a measure of manual dexterity are the best prerequisites for getting started in a surveying office. Particularly for people who don’t want to spend the whole day sitting in the office but would rather be outside working in the fresh air with precision and care, surveying technology can prove to be a perfect career choice.
Surveying technicians help with the determination of new land plots, the measurement of existing land plot boundaries and in the area of construction surveying. The geodata produced in these surveying activities are then visualized by the surveying technician at the computer in maps, plans and cadastres.
Surveying technology plays an important role particularly in the area of construction and engineering surveying and in civil engineering applications dealing with streets, bridges, tunnels and properties of all sorts.
Cadastral surveying plays an important role in everyday affairs. In contrast to engineering surveying, cadastral surveying is typically an official activity managed by the state.
In this work, new land plots may be formed, existing ones may be reviewed, buildings measured or usage boundaries defined. Because cadastral surveying is a function of the state, these activities are performed by the cadastral officials or by publicly appointed surveyors, depending on which German state the work is being done in.
An original land survey is part of the initial establishment of the cadastre. The new plot boundaries are determined and entered in the land survey registery.
Because altitude is not represented in the cadastre, only two-dimensional surveying needs to be done so that a coordinate cadastre can be prepared.
In earlier times, surveying was performed using orthogonal methods and equipment such as a prismatic square, a cross staff, a leveling staff and ranging rod. Today there are much simpler and more precise methods for determining topographical points.
To obtain the best results, we make use of the most modern and sophisticated products of surveying technology.These include, for example, measurement robots, laser scanners and surveying drones.These technical aids help us to handle surveying tasks efficiently, both from a cost and a personnel standpoint. The terrestrial 3D laser scanner is coming to be more and more significant as a surveying tool. Using laser beams, lines or grids are projected on surfaces so as to measure these or to generate an image.
All of our surveying teams are equipped with Leica Robotic Measurement Stations, GPS, SmartRovers and digital levels. The Leica company has been producing precision measurement devices for geosystems since 1921. And they continually update their equipment and devices and adapt them to the latest technical standards.In 1993, Leica introduced the first hand-held laser distance measurement device and revolutionized land surveying.
The company is known around the world for its high-quality products and developments and is a highly ranked partner for experts in the surveying field.For measurement, analysis and presentation, its satellite-supported devices help us with precise surveying measurements and analysis.
3D laser scanners (for building facades) as well as surveying drones are also part of the equipment that we use. High-quality aerial photographs are processed into 3D terrain models usingprofessional software. Not only do we keep our hardware and devices at the latest technical standards, the same is also true for our software solutions. Data exchange is possible in all formats through various programs with protection against data losses.
Support for building owners
Would you like to build yourself? That’s no problem! We will be pleased to provide you with technical and business support for your activities. Our surveying office comes to today’s challenges with a company history reaching back to 1981. In over 30 years as an independent surveying office we have continuously acquired new expertise in all areas and are always evolving as a company and service provider.
We can guarantee our clients comprehensive and expert support and consultation in all surveying areas.Find out more about our wide range of services on the following pages.
After acquiring a piece of land
Surveying of the plot is not absolutely necessary but it is highly advisable. To begin with, have the seller show you the boundary points of the property on site. Then we compare the cadastral map with the actual piece of land. If boundary stones or markers are not in place, then you should definitely engage a surveying office. Often fences or buildings are not located at the correct boundaries and this can lead to conflicts with neighboring property owners regarding the boundary lines.
With an order for a boundary survey you obtain legal certainty regarding the property and avoid unnecessary conflicts in the neighborhood.
What does one need a surveyor for…
…if one has an architect? It’s very simple. An architect plans the appearance, partitioning, design and size of the building. But to ensure that the building is finally built in the right position on the intended plot, it is advisable to have a surveyor prepare a site plan and longitudinal section map. Surveyors are especially important for plots that are located on inclines or hilly terrain. In such cases, a building should never be constructed without an initial survey.
The surveyor can provide information about whether the sewage connection has been placed at the right height, the necessary distances that need to be maintained to neighboring properties and ensure that all connections (water, electricity) are planned at the optimal locations.
Before construction begins, the surveying office can provide information about the construction site and the plot so that there are no unexpected (or unpleasant) surprises later on.
After you obtain the building permit, the construction company needs to know where the building will be located on the property and at exactly which height it is allowed to build. A rough stake-out by the engineering surveyor marks the place for the excavation of the building pit. On this basis, the construction company can determine the correct height. In the course of the fine stake-out, the surveyor marks exactly to the centimeter where the building should be placed.The complete bottom slab is poured on the basis of this marking.
FAQ – Quick answers to common questions
Buck Surveying brings more than 30 years of experience to its work. We are a team of surveying specialists, surveying engineers and surveying technicians. Since its establishment in 1981 by Uwe Buck, the office has been in business without interruption. Dipl.Ing. Oliver Buck advises clients together with a team of optimally trained and highly committed specialists on the realization of construction projects.
What we do…
Our surveying office is available to support you with an extensive range of services. Whether it involves surveying technology, engineering surveying, expert opinions, consulting, rental space calculationsor cadastral surveying – we are there to serve you with whatever you require.
What is important to us…
For our surveying office, precise and dependable services provided by highly trained specialists is simply how we do business. Your projects are our first priority and we are pleased to advise you in detail about all factors that are important for you and your success
Where we’ve worked before…
Whether it’s new construction for the University of Kassel, residential homes, the Kassel Airport or the spectator stands at the Aue Stadium – we are there to give our specialist input and support to all builders and developers and are pleased to take on the necessary surveying work. Only on this basis can the foundations for buildings and construction projects be optimally put into place. The team at Buck Surveying can provide you with surveying expertise for projects of all different sorts. Making use of reliable and speedy work methods, we always provide the services our clients require.
To contact us…
… at our surveying office in Kassel, Germany, call us at +49 (0)561-983 9832 0 or email us at email@example.com. An initial cost inquiry for your upcoming project can also be placed directly through our website via the provided contact form. Orders can also be placed via this service.
History of the surveying office
How is that surveying offices came into existence? And which of their tasks remain current today?
In Germany, engineering surveying came into existence in conjunction with property taxation, since the possession of property, as in all European countries, is also subject to taxation in Germany.The first general land parcel surveying was conducted in German territories under Napoleon in 1790 after many people complained about the improper surveying that was being conducted.The surveying methods at that time were often characterized by guesswork and caprice.
These Napoleonic surveying activities were then carried out in the occupied Rheinland and in Westphalia. In 1815, these parts of Germany came into Prussian possession. At this point, the surveying system was extended to the rest of the country and a first cadastral plotting of land was put into place.This served as the basis for the taxation of property holdings as well as for the surveying technology of today.
The plan was to establish a harmonized and newly regulated system for collecting property taxes throughout Prussia. This new law should go into effect in just 4 years so that within this short period the entire cadastre for land in Prussia had to be created. Because of the excessive effort that this would require, new surveying of all these areas was not an option. The various official agencies, institutions, municipalities and private persons were required to provide all of their available maps to the state. Using this material, the various estate, domain, dike and forest maps were compiled, copied, amended and standardized. By taking this approach, it was only necessary to conduct new surveys in 16% of the total area. However, frequently the maps were not entirely adequate and often they had different scales.
Around 1900, the official land registry was introduced in Germany. From the Prussian legal code, the terms “Gemarkung” (district), “Flur” (plot) and “Flurstück” (parcel) came into use. The benefits of the cadastre that was created through these efforts did not only apply to the state in facilitating its levying of taxes. The cadastre was also employed for court proceedings having to do with civil law for private purposes. Over time, a legally recognized property registry evolved from the cadastre that was at first simply used for taxation purposes.
With this evolution, the requirements in the exactitude of the surveying underlying the cadastre also increased. Because many of the old maps did not include exact designations of boundary and surveying points, the old versions of the recording of property holdings often failed to provide the necessary information. Over many years, new and more accurate and exact property surveying was conducted.
Since the reunification of Germany in 1990 and the economic upturn accompanying this development, publicly appointed surveyors have been granted official authorization. The demand for private possession of property has risen and with it the number of land holdings that need to be surveyed. Technological developments have also led to an expansion of the land registry. In 2001, the FALKE Project received funding from the European Union.This project involved the digital rendering of existing analog land plot map material. This resulted in an official automated land registration map (Automatisierte Liegenschaftskarte – ALK) which then became the basis for the geo-information system ALKIS in Germany.
Today, a surveying office often combines several different areas of activity. Surveying of land and property holdings was only the starting point for this development.Now surveying offices provide services such as structural monitoring, general consulting, preparation of certifications and expert opinions, cadastral as well as engineering surveying and rental space calculations.
Our surveying office provides its services throughout Germany. AtBuck Surveying Officeyou will find a selection of the German cities where we have already provided services to our clients.